#general

Clothing and Personal Protective Equipment

Safety Bulletin

Guidelines

The purpose of this Safety Bulletin is to provide guidance in the selection of appropriate clothing and certain types of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

This bulletin does not include or apply to clothing or PPE for persons subject to the blood-borne pathogens standard (see Safety Bulletin: Blood and Potentially Infectious Materials). Additionally, personnel working with or around pyrotechnics and/or open flame on production should refer to Safety Bulletin: Pyrotechnic Special Effects and/or Safety Bulletin: Open Flame for guidance.

Suitable and effective PPE shall be provided and used where an activity presents a significant risk to health and safety and the risk cannot be reduced by any other means.

In particular, employers shall inform employees engaged in any of the following activities of specific PPE requirements by OSHA and/or other authorities:

  • Working with electricity
  • Working with hazardous materials
  • Welding or cutting
  • Working around boats and water
  • Working with special effects, pyrotechnics, open flames, or hazardous objects
  • Construction, including alteration, painting, repairing, maintenance, renovation, removal or wrecking
  • Working around traffic
  • Working at heights

PPE must not significantly increase other risks by reducing visibility or interfere with other safety measures. Employees must be given appropriate instruction and training on how to use any PPE issued. Once issued, PPE must be worn as required and any defects must be reported to the employer.

Clothing

  • Clothing determined by the employer to be appropriate for the work being done shall be worn.
  • Jewelry, loose sleeves, exposed shirt tails, neckties, lapels, loose cuffs or other loose clothing shall not be worn around machinery in which it might become entangled.
  • Long hair shall be tied back when working around machinery and/or equipment with moving parts.
  • Costumes should be selected and prepared in anticipation of the potential risks and hazards.

Foot Protection

  • Appropriate foot protection shall be worn by employees who may be exposed to foot injuries from hot surfaces, corrosive materials, hazardous substances, falling objects, crushing or penetrating actions which may cause injuries, or who are required to work in abnormally wet or cold locations.
  • Personnel working around open flame and pyrotechnic material must always wear appropriate closed-toe footwear.

Hand Protection

  • Hand protection (gloves) shall be worn by employees whose work exposes them to potential injuries, such as exposure to cuts, burns, harmful physical hazards, chemical agents or electrical hazards which are encountered and capable of causing injury or impairments.
  • Hand protection should not be worn if there is a danger of it becoming entangled in moving machinery.
  • Hand protection should be appropriate for the type of exposure.
  • Gloves should be properly discarded when they become worn, contaminated, saturated or otherwise no longer usable.

Eye and Face Protection

  • Employees working where there is a risk of receiving eye injuries shall wear appropriate eye or face protection.
  • Side shield protection shall also be utilized when employees are exposed to the risk of flying objects/particles/materials entering the eyes from the side.
  • Suitable screens or shields isolating the hazardous exposure may be used if they provide adequate safeguarding for nearby employees.
  • Specialized forms of eye protection are required for certain types of work, such as welding.
  • The use of sunglasses or prescription eye glasses may not provide appropriate eye protection.

Ear Protection

  • When operating or near loud equipment, amplified sound, pyrotechnics or gun fire, consideration should be given to wearing appropriate hearing protection suitable for the hazards encountered.

Head Protection

Safety Vests

Federal, State and local laws require safety vests to be worn and visible when working on active public roadways.

Safety vests shall always be properly worn by employees under the following circumstances:

  • During set-up, rigging, filming or striking activities performed in or near an active public roadway, unless production has obtained full closure and control of the roadway. Alternative safety considerations should be made when wardrobe requirements would prevent cast from wearing safety vests while working in or near an active public roadway without full closure and control.
  • When directing traffic or responsible for lockup during partial lane closures where intermittent traffic control is used to control traffic.

Other conditions and locations may require the use of safety vests, such as railroads, subways, construction sites, airports, docks, etc.

The color of the safety vests must be either fluorescent orange-red or fluorescent yellow-green. The retro-reflective material shall be orange, yellow, white, silver, yellow- green or a fluorescent version of these colors.

Respiratory Protection

The need for respiratory protection is unique to the hazards of the workplace. Consult your employer regarding their specific respiratory protection policy.

Sanitation of PPE

  • PPE shall be kept clean and in good repair.
  • PPE not capable of being easily cleaned or disinfected shall be disposed of after use.
  • PPE must be properly stored when not in use.

Related Bulletins

Safety Awareness

Safety Bulletin

Guidelines

Each studio, facility, and Production Company shall strive for the highest safety standards. Cast and crew must work diligently to maintain a safe and healthful work environment. Communication of information is one of the most effective measures to ensure a safe set. Safety takes precedence over expediency.

The Company shall:

  1. Identify person(s) with authority and responsibility for implementing and maintaining a safety program.
  2. Include a system for ensuring that cast and crew comply with safe and healthy work practices.
  3. Maintain a system for communicating with cast and crew in a form readily understandable by all affected cast and crewmembers on matters relating to occupational safety and health. A safety hotline or other means shall be established to encourage anonymous reporting of hazards without fear of reprisal.
  4. Establish procedures for identifying and evaluating hazards at all work sites, stages, and locations including scheduled periodic inspections to identify unsafe conditions and work practices. Inspections shall be conducted and documented.
  5. Establish a mechanism and/or procedure for correcting unsafe or unhealthy conditions, work practices, and work procedures in a timely manner based on the severity of the hazard.
  6. Establish a procedure to investigate occupational injuries or illnesses.
  7. Provide training and instruction to all cast and crews as required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

Safety Meetings

In “On-Production” situations, safety meetings are strongly recommended to make all involved aware of the apparent and potential hazards in the day’s work. For example, safety meetings should be held: (1) when production moves to a new location; (2) when there is a significant change in cast and/or crew; (3) when stunts or special effects are scheduled or have changed; (4) when fatigue may be of concern; or (5) when there are significant changes to the original plan for the day.

Safety meetings should be conducted on the set by the First Assistant Director/Stage Manager and should be attended by all affected cast and crewmembers.

In “Off-Production” situations, the Construction Coordinator and/or Department Head should conduct safety meetings (toolbox talks, tailgate meetings, etc.) to address pertinent safety issues, use of specialized equipment, or unusual construction activities and/or rigging. The Construction Department is required to have a Safety Meeting at least once every ten (10) days, or when new equipment is introduced and/or when special situations require additional meetings.

The following procedures are recommended:

  1. Schedule safety meetings at the earliest time in which the majority of cast and/or crew can be assembled. Convey pertinent information to all personnel unable to attend.
  2. All safety meetings should be documented.
  3. Identify potential hazards. Department Heads should discuss hazards and establish safe working zones.
  4. Discuss emergency procedures, including identifying the location of fire alarms, fire extinguishers, emergency exits, first aid kits and telephones for 911 emergency calls. Additionally, explain studio/location safety program protocol, and identify medical or special emergency personnel (e.g., paramedics, police, and fire personnel).
  5. Present an evacuation plan in the event of an emergency. Remind all departments to keep fire lanes, electrical panels and exits clear at all times.
  6. Advise the cast and/or crew to notify the First Assistant Director/Stage Manager, Construction Coordinator and/or Department Head of any safety concerns or hazards.
  7. Inform cast and/or crew that, in the event of an injury, the set medic and the First Assistant Director/Stage Manager, Construction Coordinator and/or Department Head must be notified immediately. The First Assistant Director/Stage Manager, Construction Coordinator and/or Department Head will assess the situation and notify appropriate personnel, such as the UPM, Director, Producer, or Safety Representative, if applicable.

Check with your Safety Representative (if applicable) regarding additional rules, policies and/or guidelines that may apply to your specific work situation. Attach pertinent Safety Bulletins to the call sheets to deal with specific hazardous work.