This refers to the amount of the sensor that will be used, not necessarily the resolution of the file being recorded. The 7K resolution ensures that our lenses will project properly onto the sensor.
Aspect Ratio: FF
The aspect ratio needs to be set to FF (Full Frame). This refers to the aspect ratio of the above resolution, and FF ensures that the recorded file will be 2K (2048×1080).
Record File Format: Avid DNxHD/HR
This file format is optimized for the post-production workflows using AVID Media Composer that we us for the D1 projects.
This refers to the resolution of the recorded file. When you select 2K, confirm that the dimensions are listed as 2048×1080. If the dimensions are listed as something different, check to make sure that the aspect ratio (see above) is set to FF.
Video Codec: Avid DNxHD/HR SQ
This provides s a good balance of quality and size. Pay particular attention to this setting, as your footage make be unusable if you do not set this correctly.
Baked-In Settings: Rec. 709/SDR
This ensures that the video file will be recorded with a 709 gamma curve that will yield a pleasing picture on everyone’s monitoring environment without much trouble.
This is RED’s latest, recommended color pipeline.
Output Color Space:Rec. 709 Output Tone Map: Medium Contrast Highlight Roll-Off: Medium
These Output Transforms convert the RED WideGamutRGB/Log3G10 image into a Rec .709 image that will be easier to work with and will appear correct to your eyes.
The output summary should appear as above. This is to confirm that the camera will not be recording a R3D file, but an Avid DNxHD/HR SQ file in Rec. 709.
The frame guide mode should be set to 1.85:1 unless you are framing for one of the other approved aspect ratios (2.39:1 Scope or 1.375:1 Academy). The frame guides ensure that — while you are recording into a 2K 2048×1080 container, which has an aspect ratio of 1.90:1 — you are actually framing for one of the approved aspect ratios.
Media Card Format
File System: UDF
The Camera Assistant should check that the RED MAG media card is set to UDF before formatting the card.
The Reel Number should be reset to “1” at the beginning of each show and then versioned up with every RED MAG change.
These guidelines are intended to help cast and crew understand radio frequency exposure for equipment that is commonly used by production. RF radiation can be harmful due to the ability of RF energy to heat biological tissue faster than the body can cope with or dissipate the excessive heat. It is not presently known whether there are non-heat related effects of RF exposure.
COMMON SOURCES OF RADIOFREQUENCY
RF is continuously emitted from certain types of wireless transmitting equipment that is commonly used on cameras, audio equipment, wireless lighting controllers, and Wi-Fi hotspots. Equipment that only receives RF is not a source of RF emissions.
This bulletin is not meant to address radio transmitting facilities, satellite antenna farms, microwave installations, cellular telephone towers, and other industrial equipment that may emit radio waves. Individuals working in these areas should follow all warning signage and comply with the facility’s safety protocols and procedures.
The FCC recognizes two tiers of Maximum Permissible Exposure (MPE) limits. This bulletin follows the stricter limits of the General Population/Uncontrolled Exposure (GP/UE) guidelines.
CONSIDERATIONS FOR USE
Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines. Camera-back transmitters commonly used in the film and television industry are authorized for license-free use by the Federal Communications Committee (FCC) under Part 15 and require that all Part 15 devices be subject to FCC RF exposure guidelines.
Unless it is permissible by the manufacturer, the RF equipment should not be modified in any way. Equipment exceeding FCC unlicensed power limits or otherwise requiring a Special Temporary Authorization (STA) from the FCC should be used only by trained technicians in accordance with the FCC license. If equipment that exceeds FCC unlicensed power limits must be used, production personnel should be made aware so that the required additional safety protocols and precautions can be implemented.
Be aware of the RF output power and minimum safe operating distances from the transmitting source, i.e. antenna. Antennas may be supported by a mast that provides distance from the transmitter. These masts are not an active RF source.
Establish operating procedures that enable personnel using RF Equipment to remain at safe operating distances or provide other means of protection from excessive RF exposure.
GUIDELINES FOR SAFE OPERATION
Methods for mitigating the health effects of RF exposure include:
Hardwiring the equipment
Increasing one’s distance from the RF emitting device
These guidelines are intended to give recommendations for safely working on and around gimbals. Gimbals are generally one-of-a-kind, purpose-built devices designed to simulate real-world movement. Challenging environments, such as an airplane in flight, a ship in a storm, and many others may be simulated through the use of a gimbal. Gimbals are typically used to move cast, crew, and sets through a number of programmed or choreographed motions. Gimbals can range in complexity from small-scale, seesaw-type devices moved by simple leverage to complex, multi-axis powered motion bases controlled by computer.
Gimbals are typically designed for specific applications and short duration operation. Gimbals should only operate to the level for which they are designed. Design and assembly of the gimbal is not covered in this Safety Bulletin. This Bulletin assumes that the gimbal has been properly assembled and is fully operational with a clearly defined Exclusion Zone (e.g., marked with tape, barricades, etc.). The Exclusion Zone is the immediate area surrounding a gimbal where only authorized cast and crew are allowed.
Production shall assign a Responsible Person for the safe configuration and operation of the gimbal. A Responsible Person is defined as someone with both the experience and training to recognize and resolve problems relating to the safe operation of the gimbal.
The Responsible Person will have the ultimate authority over all gimbal operations, including, but not limited to:
Determining the maximum weight capacity on the gimbal
Marking the Exclusion Zone around the gimbal and control areas
When Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCI) or Residual Current Devices (RCD) should be used for the gimbal or its controls
The authority to abort operations. They may designate an operator(s) as needed.
Set Construction and Pre-Rig
Limitations of the gimbal should be communicated to all applicable departments by the Responsible Person.
Reevaluate Exclusion Zone. The Exclusion Zone may change as construction and pre-rigging occurs.
Establish work procedures (e.g., lockout/tagout/blockout, fall protection, guardrails, etc.) and other special procedures for working on or around the gimbal.
Establish emergency shutdown procedures. The dynamic action of the gimbal may create an additional hazard to personnel working on or around the gimbal if it is suddenly shutdown. Personnel on or around the gimbal may have to take specific action to protect themselves in the case of an emergency shutdown.
The Responsible Person should be consulted before operating heavy equipment (e.g., aerial lifts, camera cranes, forklifts, etc.) around the gimbal, hydraulic lines, and/or control lines.
When necessary, crib or block to prevent parts from moving inadvertently when the gimbal is not in operation.
Ensure crossovers and/or protective covers are used to protect hoses, electrical cables, and control lines and to prevent possible tripping hazards.
Safety Meetings During Construction and Pre-Rig
Make crew and applicable department heads aware of the designated Responsible Person, Exclusion Zone parameters, gimbal limitations, work procedures, emergency procedures, and individuals authorized to be inside the Exclusion Zone.
All items included in Set Construction and Pre-Rig should be reevaluated throughout the production as conditions change.
Inspection and Testing
Representatives from all applicable departments shall be included in conducting inspections of their equipment on or around the gimbal, prior to operation.
The Responsible Person should:
Reevaluate the limitations of the gimbal such as, but not limited to, load capacity, how it may be affected by water, weather, additional equipment, structures, dust effects, etc.
Inspect gimbal, base, hoses, structure, service connections to equipment on the gimbal (e.g., electrical special effects), etc.
Evaluate potential impact on cast and crew within the intended load and range of movement.
Prior to operation, verify the Exclusion Zone is free of any unauthorized persons or items.
Check for electrical and/or radio and wireless interference, and maintain the proper perimeter around the gimbal and computer controls.
Prior to Rehearsal and Filming
Reevaluate the Exclusion Zone and communicate to all cast and crew (size and operation of the gimbal will dictate).
Please follow Inspection and Testing items 1–6 above.
Inspect and test other production-related equipment on or around the gimbal.
The First Assistant Director shall, along with the Responsible Person, conduct a safety meeting with all cast and crew, including, when necessary, a stunt coordinator, prior to working on or around the gimbal.
Safety meeting topics may include, but are not limited to:
Communicating to all involved personnel, including performers, the intended action, full range of movement, need for increased awareness, possible changes, and authority to abort, including any visual or audio signals to be used.
Authorized personnel riding the gimbal should consider their health status and report any concerns to the appropriate person.
The possible effects of electrical or radio and wireless devices on radio-sensitive equipment.
Awaiting Responsible Person to give permission before approaching the gimbal.
The perimeter of the Exclusion Zone.
Emergency Shutdown Procedures.
The Responsible Person should be notified of any changes or concerns in the use of the gimbal, action of the cast or crew, or placement of equipment in order to determine whether an additional safety meeting is necessary.
The Responsible Person or his/her designee shall conduct a test of all controls at least prior to the gimbal being used during each work shift and upon returning to the gimbal from breaks.
Follow established procedures when entering the Exclusion Zone.
Gimbal Operator needs a clear line of sight or, if needed, a spotter to assist.
Gimbal Operator should be at the controls at all times when the gimbal is operational.
Gimbal should be stopped if unauthorized personnel enter the Exclusion Zone.
Watch for loose materials, sharp edges, pinch points, etc.
Authorized cast and crew should be made aware of the capabilities and anticipated movement of the gimbal.
Ensure clear, safe access and egress.
Maintain reliable communications during operation.
Always wait for the Responsible Person to give permission before approaching the gimbal.
Secure set pieces, production equipment, and props on the gimbal.
On computer controlled gimbals, ensure the computer has an uninterrupted power supply to allow reliable operation and shutdown in the event of a power interruption.
Production Management and the Responsible Person shall take the following into consideration and address with the appropriate personnel:
Fall protection for cast and crew; for example, barriers, guard rails, pads, or fall restraint equipment including appropriate anchor points
All electrical distribution system components exposed to water should be designed to work in water
Galvanic action, which is corrosion from contact between dissimilar metals
Inspection of underwater equipment
Environmental and human factors
Access to the gimbal by cast and crew
Placement of electrical equipment and power supply system
The following guidelines are for the indoor and outdoor use of UAS.
Outdoor use of UAS must follow Federal, state, and local regulatory limitations or restrictions (including Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Section 333 or Part 107 regulations), as well as Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) regulations, as applicable. If there are any conflicts between these guidelines and Federal Regulations, the Federal Regulations will apply.
UAS, a.k.a. “drones”, combine the use of aeronautics, electronics, and wireless transmission technologies through the use of a remote-controlled or a programmable unit. UAS types include, but are not limited to, helicopters, multi-rotor, fixed wing aircraft, small UAS (sUAS), and micro UAS.
These guidelines cover motion picture and television operations including, but not limited to, camera platforms, image and data capture, lighting, special effects, and when the UAS is flown as a prop.
Guidelines for Operation
The UAS Operator or Pilot in Command (PIC) must provide their authorization and/or waiver from the proper regulatory authority and/or AHJ to the production prior to any flight operations.
The PIC is at all times the final authority over the UAS, shall be in command over all flight operations and/or related activities, and be certified and trained, as appropriate. The PIC shall have the final authority to abort any flight operation in the interest of safety. Abort signals shall be specified ahead of time.
The PIC, or a person knowledgeable of the flight operation that has been designated by the UAS Operator, will establish the communication protocols with the designated production representative to implement a plan for communications.
Once the UAS is airborne, no change will be made to any sequence without authorization from the PIC.
Equipment shall not be attached to, nor altered on, the UAS without the authorization of the PIC.
Unless authorized by the PIC or a person knowledgeable of the flight operation that has been designated by the UAS Operator, no personnel shall approach the UAS, whether it is running or not.
An exclusion zone must be established for the setup, testing, takeoff, and landing of the UAS. This zone should be cleared of all debris, including trash or anything else that may hinder the operation of the UAS. All equipment (e.g., cameras, lights, sound booms, etc.) shall be placed at a safe distance away from the zone.
Access to areas where UAS are in operation shall be limited to authorized personnel only. All other personnel shall remain at a designated safe distance. If needed to prevent unintentional entry into potentially hazardous areas, warning signs should be posted and/or other appropriate precautions taken.
Never throw anything such as grip tape, clothing, paper, etc., around the UAS.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) (such as earplugs) shall be provided and worn, as appropriate.
The PIC, or a person knowledgeable of the flight operation that has been designated by the UAS Operator, is responsible for determining if there are any potential radio frequencies or electrical transmissions (devices such as Wi-Fi routers and mobile phone boosters or repeaters) that could interfere with or affect the safe operation of the UAS. Cast and crew members with electrical or transmission equipment should contact the PIC to see if it may affect the operation of the UAS.
The storage and transportation of batteries shall be in compliance with all applicable federal, state, and local laws and regulations and any shipping company restrictions. For transportation of batteries by air, refer to airline policy and International Air Transport Association (IATA) regulations.
Appropriate precautions (i.e. fire extinguishers, no smoking, etc.) should be taken for flammable fuel sources.
All UAS shall have a FAA registration number, as applicable.
The flying accuracy of the UAS may be adversely affected by natural conditions such as wind, air density, temperature, gross weight, humidity, and time of day. Man-made conditions such as a weight load, wind (fans), explosives disturbing airflow and center of gravity can also affect the flight control of the UAS.
There may be times when the UAS is used as a toy or as a prop. Safety precautions for these types of uses should be developed in conjunction with the corresponding risk they present, and when used outside is subject to FAA regulations.
Prior to each flight, the UAS should be inspected by the PIC, or a person knowledgeable of the flight operation that has been designated by the UAS Operator, to determine that the UAS is safe for flight.
Prior to each flight, the boundaries and intended flight path shall be checked to ensure they are cleared for UAS operations.
Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) may have their own requirements regarding UAS operations.
At the start of each day’s filming, the PIC or a person knowledgeable of this flight operation that has been designated by the UAS Operator, and the designated production representative will conduct a briefing/safety meeting for the cast and crew and those persons necessary for filming. Briefings/Safety Meetings should include a discussion of the following:
Possible risk to personnel involved
Safeguards to personnel, animals, and equipment
Communications, including chain of command; and emergency procedures, including landing zone(s) and designated safety zone(s)
Boundaries and intended flight paths
The intended use of any stunts or special effects during UAS operations
Electronic devices and/or other equipment that may interfere with UAS operations
Obstacles, equipment and/or locations that may present a hazard
Abort signals, audible and/or visual, used to halt filming in the event of unforeseen circumstances or safety hazards
Federal, state, and local regulatory limitations or restrictions, if applicable
Any exemptions or waivers that are unique to the UAS operator, including flying over people, operating from a moving vehicle, flying at night, etc. and additional safety precautions that need to be taken, if any
Note: Subsequent briefings/safety meetings may be necessary to address cast and crew members’ concerns regarding other sequences, changes, and/or additional scenes.
Operation Over People
Federal regulations prohibit flying over people during UAS operations, unless the UAS Operator is specifically approved to do so or has been granted a waiver by the FAA, OR they are “participating personnel”.
For the purposes of outdoor filming, Federal regulations define flying “over” people as the UAS flight path being directly over any part of a person. For example, a UAS that hovers directly over a person’s head, shoulders, extended arms or legs would be an operation over people.
For the purposes of outdoor filming, Federal regulations define “participating personnel” as ONLY those that are directly participating in the safe operation of the UAS, such as the PIC and/or Visual Observer. (Flying over all other personnel, including cast and crew, requires FAA approval or waiver.)
If required for “non-participants”, safe barriers may include a covered structure or a covered stationary vehicle.
The Production Company must notify all production personnel of the planned use of UAS so that any objection can be communicated prior to UAS operation. Notification can be accomplished by including a statement like the following on the call sheet:
“An Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) will be used in close proximity to production personnel and equipment. Any personnel who does not consent to working within the UAS area must notify (insert the assigned production designee(s)) prior to use of the UAS.”
As a general matter of safe work practices, the “Guidelines for Operation” and “Notification” procedures listed above should be followed during indoor UAS operations. Note: The indoor use of UAS is not regulated by Federal regulations; however, AHJ regulations may apply.
Indoor conditions such as increased heat resulting in reduced air density and ventilation systems could adversely affect flying characteristics.
The PIC or a person knowledgeable of this flight operation that has been designated by the UAS Operator, and the designated production representative should evaluate the indoor location for items such as interior sets, walls, ceiling beams, lighting equipment, rigging, cables, HVAC equipment, etc. and consider these potential hazards before operation of the UAS. The proximity of the UAS to cast and crew and a live audience, if applicable, and any planned special effects or stunts should also be considered.
These guidelines pertain to the safe assembly and usage of powered and manually operated, counterbalanced camera cranes used for the purpose of television and film production. This Safety Bulletin may also be applicable to jib arms and similar types of units. Please consult Safety Bulletin: Camera Cars when camera cranes are used in conjunction with insert cars, tow dollies or process trailers.
Each camera crane should be accompanied by an assembly/usage manual supplied by the manufacturer/vendor. The manual should clearly show assembly instructions, maximum payload and maximum gross weight in all configurations, safety precautions and maintenance procedures. Where different, manufacturer’s/vendor’s instructions shall supersede this Safety Bulletin. Read and follow all manufacturers’ placards on the equipment.
Only persons trained in the safe use of camera cranes should assemble and/or operate these devices.
When used, camera cranes should be inspected daily by qualified personnel (e.g., key grip, camera crane/dolly grip, vendor’s representative or other qualified personnel as determined by the Producer), following an inspection protocol supplied by the manufacturer/vendor. If components are missing, damaged or improperly fitted, the equipment should be removed from service. Missing or damaged components are to be replaced or repaired in accordance with the manufacturer’s/vendor’s procedures prior to the equipment being returned to service.
Using the largest base that is practical increases the stability of the unit. The appropriate base for a crane is determined by the height, length and total load. Refer to the operating manual.
The camera crane base should be on a flat and level surface, platform or track system capable of supporting the intended load. The weight of all personnel, equipment and the camera crane should be taken into consideration.
The payload on the boom arm should not exceed that which can be balanced by the counterweight system supplied with the equipment. Additional counterbalance weight that is above and beyond that specified by the manufacturer/vendor should not be used. The manufacturer/vendor should be consulted regarding all extension configurations that are not explicitly specified in the operating manual.
Seat belts are to be provided on all camera cranes where passengers are required for operation. Seat belts should be maintained in good condition, and used by all passengers.
Pushing camera cranes across slopes or over uneven surfaces such as cables, speed bumps, or curbs can cause the unit to tip over.
When operating a camera crane, qualified personnel should ensure that there is adequate clearance for operation. Potential obstructions or hazards, such as power lines, helicopter rotors, fire sprinkler heads, etc. should be considered. Qualified personnel and the designated on-set safety coordinator should establish a safe operating zone. The designated on-set safety coordinator should maintain the safe operating zone. Special attention should be given to working around high voltage power lines.
Clearances Required from Energized Overhead High-Voltage Lines
Minimum Required Clearance (Feet)
600 – 50,000
50,000 – 75,000
75,000 – 125,000
125,000 – 175,000
175,000 – 250,000
250,000 – 370,000
370,000 – 550,000
550,000 – 1,000,000
Source: Title 8, California Code of Regulations, Subchapter 5, Group 2, Article 37, ‘2946 29 Code of Federal Regulations 1926.451 (F)(6)
If the camera crane is equipped with outriggers/stabilizers, follow the manufacturers’ instructions regarding their proper use. Care should be taken to ensure that the feet of the outriggers/stabilizers will not sink into soft soil or asphalt, otherwise, the unit may tip over. Adequate means of distributing the outrigger/stabilizer load should be used, when appropriate.
It is recommended that special care be used when operating camera cranes on curved track. For example, excess speed could cause the unit to tip over.
When moving a camera crane on or off the track, the arm weight should be reduced to allow for safe movement so as to reduce the chances of the unit tipping over. Consult manufacturer’s/vendor’s instructions.
When stepping on or off of a camera crane, do so only after approval from the person operating the unit. Stepping off of a balanced camera crane without providing a counterbalance (e.g., another person to replace the weight) can cause the arm to elevate rapidly and possibly cause serious injury.
Unattended camera cranes should be secured to prevent movement of the unit (e.g., adding or removing manufacturer-supplied weights from the weight bucket).
When handling un-coated lead weights you should wear appropriate protective gloves and wash hands after use.
When operating camera cranes, consideration should be given to wind, rain, extreme heat and cold and other atmospheric conditions, whether natural or manmade, which can affect the safe use of camera cranes.